History

Warsaw, compared with other European capitals are very young. First traces of human settlement appeared around 12,000 BC but the first time mentioned in a document that was in 1313 by Duke Ziemowit II. New Warsaw in 1408 and later founded New Town.
The capital was moved from Kraków to Warsaw in 1596 by King Sigismund III. It was the era that flourished in Warsaw. But being also brought new dangers and during the Swedish invasion in 1655 the city suffered serious damage. However, under the Saxon kings was generously rebuilt (late 17). In general, the Poles think of the 18th century as the golden age, when theaters and concert halls had a prominent place in the cultural life in Europe.

On this glorious occasion was completed by the Prussians, Russians and Austro-Hungarian (1795) when they joined and divided the country. During the invasion of Napoleon in 1806 the inhabitants of Warsaw hoped for freedom, but had to give up the desires of a sudden, when the Moscow campaign failed.

After the Congress of Vienna (1815), the Kingdom of Poland was established, but remained under the Russian Czar. After the failure of the uprising in November, the state of the city returned to the status of a city and province of all Educational Institutions were closed. The situation changed with the beginning of the First World War when the Russians lost its control over Poland. At the end of 1914 the Germans occupied Warsaw and stayed until the end of the war.

After Poland had regained its independence and Warsaw became the capital city’s position. But since the beginning of World War II destruction of the city had begun. The Nazi German attack was followed by deportations and executions. The terror was directed mainly towards the Jewish community was forced to live in a small ghetto. It was the Jewish population revolted in the first place: Rise of the ghetto in April 1943 ended with the extinction of the Jewish community in Warsaw. During the later course of the war strengthened the Nazi German pressure on Warsaw, but at the same time the resistance in the city was growing. In August 1944, almost all civilians participated in the Warsaw uprising, which was a struggle for independence in Warsaw and throughout Poland. The uprising failed and Hitler ordered the destruction of the city and the surviving population was expelled. At the end of the war two-thirds of the population of Warsaw was killed or disappeared.

The city now is like a monument, rebuilt after the Second World War. The reconstruction of the old town was completed in 1953. In 1954 the city was closed to people who wanted to go there. In 1956, Warsaw has become a 1 million inhabitants and the architecture of the city becomes a socialist-realist.

Today Warsaw is a place where people not only live in houses, but where they also live in your memory, history and culture.